Le primat de la politique » ou les années ’30 vues par Benjamin Fondane


Abstract: The relationships that Benjamin Fondane had with the surrealists, his reluctance towards their programme bear an important significance not only for his view on literature, but, more importantly, for his political stand. Far from believing in the reparatory promises of the Soviet Revolution as glorified by the surrealists, Fondane does not hesitate to place Stalin in the same family of spirits with Hitler and, as such, to incriminate them both. “Priority given to politics”, this is how Fondane defines totalitarianism in 1933, be it fascist or communist.