La conscience ironique – un pont jeté entre Fundoianu et Fondane


Abstract: Our research considers some poems written in Romanian by B. Fundoianu, unpublished in his Romanian book of poetry, Landscapes (1930), poems which remained in some newspapers of little circulation and were printed again only in 1978. These poems involve an ironical consciousness of the existence (the first step toward a true existentialist philosophy), they discern between appearances and significances of some archetypal human situations and use allegory to screen their real meaning. They are very different, in their lyrical themes and in their literary proceedings, from the other Romanian poetical works of Fundoianu. The Leper’s Psalm is analysed as a prayer / curse of somebody expelled from the community; Adam’s Psalm asserts that the condition to be happy is to be unaware of the divine will. Abel’s Psalm raises a question: why the beloved is the innocent victim of God? The dramatic poem Peter’s Denial speaks about dual personality, about doubt and faith, about consciousness as synonymous with misfortune. The main themes of Fondane, from La conscience malheureuse, Rimbaud le voyou and Baudelaire et l`expérience du gouffre are forecast by the Romanian poems of young Fundoianu.